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Dry Eyes are More Common in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects women, particularly during their reproductive years. This condition can have far-reaching consequences, affecting various organs of the body.

What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

PCOS is characterized by an imbalance in reproductive hormones, leading to the development of cysts on the ovaries. While the exact cause is not fully understood, genetic factors, insulin resistance, and inflammation are believed to play a role. This hormonal imbalance can be disruptive to the body’s normal functioning.

How PCOS Affects Your Eyes:

PCOS can have surprising effects on the eyes and gland function. The lacrimal and meibomian glands seemed to be the target tissues in individuals with PCOS. Hormonal changes in PCOS can lead to reduced tear production, causing dry and irritated eyes. Specifically, PCOS may impact the meibomian glands, responsible for producing the oily layer of tears. Dysfunction in these glands can contribute to evaporation of tears.

Eye doctors can play a crucial role in managing dry eye and gland dysfunction associated with PCOS. Treatment may include:
Artificial Tears: Lubricating eye drops can alleviate dry eye symptoms.
Warm Compresses: Applying warm compresses to the eyes and massaging to eyelids can help improve the function of meibomian glands.
Nutraceuticals: Omega 3 Fatty Acids decrease inflammation
Prescription Medications: In some cases, prescription medications are prescribed by an eye doctor. These medications can include anti inflammatories or cyclosporines. Some of the newest medications include Meibo specific to MGD and Edemvy.


IPL (intense Pulsed Light): IPL is a light-based, non-invasive treatment done in the area below the eyes to manage dry eye, MGD and ocular rosacea. The treatment is safe, gentle, and backed by many clinical studies.

LLLT: Also called Low Level Light Therapy or Red Light Therapy, delivers light energy to humans similar to the way plants absorb photons of light produced by the sun. The LLLT device emits a unique combination of distinctly colored LED lights customized for Dry Eye treatments. The various colors correspond to the different beneficial wavelengths of light.
Eyelid Cleansing and Exfoliation: This quick in-office procedure is similar to facial exfoliation. The improved hygiene procedure provides relief for dry, red, itchy, swollen eyes by targeting the meibomian glands in the eyelids. Through gentle massaging the biofilm and scurf is removed contributing to healthier eyelids. This procedure improves symptoms of Dry Eye Disease, Blepharitis, Demodex, and Meibomian Gland Dysfunction.

PCOS is a multifaceted condition that extends beyond reproductive health. Early diagnosis and management are crucial to addressing the diverse symptoms associated with PCOS. Comprehensive eye care is important in diagnosing and treating the eyes and ocular gland function as well as improving overall well-being. If you are struggling with PCOS associated Dry Eye, the doctors at Monarch Bay Optometry are here to help. We will provide you with a personalized treatment to obtain the best outcome!

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